Adolescencia y consumo de sustancias: Abordaje odontológico

Autores

  • Lizette Fernanda Lobato-Guerra
  • Christopher Arturo Rojina-Magaña
  • Hiram Daniel López-Santacruz Universidad De La Salle Bajío
  • Juan Manuel Guízar-Mendoza

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47990/alop.v12i1.507

Palabras clave:

Adolescencia, Consumo de sustancias, Salud bucodental

Resumen

A adolescência caracteriza-se como um período do desenvolvimento em que ocorrem mudanças biológicas, fisiológicas e psicológicas que muitas vezes aumentam o aparecimento de comportamentos de risco, como o uso de substâncias. Foram identificados alguns fatores que podem predispor ao desenvolvimento desse problema, dentre eles: vulnerabilidade, problemas de autonomia, pressão social, eventos traumáticos, transtornos emocionais e psiquiátricos, entre outros. Profissionais de saúde bucal podem ajudar a prevenir e detectar casos suspeitos de uso de substâncias quando são observadas alterações na aparência de pacientes adolescentes. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar o impacto negativo do uso de substâncias ilícitas na saúde bucal de adolescentes e o reconhecimento de sinais de alerta. Além disso, é proposta uma sequência de atendimento odontológico para essa população de risco.

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Publicado

2022-07-07

Cómo citar

Lobato-Guerra, L. F., Rojina-Magaña, C. A., López-Santacruz, H. D., & Guízar-Mendoza, J. M. (2022). Adolescencia y consumo de sustancias: Abordaje odontológico. Revista De Odontopediatría Latinoamericana, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.47990/alop.v12i1.507

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