Alteraciones sistémicas asociadas a Hipomineralización Molar Incisivo (HMI). Una revisión de literatura.

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47990/alop.v12i1.306

Palabras clave:

Etiología, Esmalte Dental, Exposición Materna, Odontología pediátrica, Amelogénesis

Resumen

Resumen.

El término Hipomineralización molar incisivo (HMI) fue sugerido por la Academia Europea de Odontología Pediátrica (EAPD) para referirse a este como un defecto específico del desarrollo del esmalte. La HMI es un defecto del esmalte dentario ampliamente estudiado, pero hasta la fecha los factores de riesgo no son concluyentes, sin embargo, se considera de origen sistémico y multifactorial, presentando una prevalencia variada del 2.9–44%  reportada en estudios recientes.  Las implicaciones sistémicas pueden acontecer en periodos específicos (pre, peri y posnatal) considerados importantes y críticos en el desarrollo de la vida humana. Objetivo: aportar la mejor evidencia científica disponible sobre los factores sistémicos asociados a la Hipomineralización Molar Incisivo. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sistematizada seleccionando estudios primarios en bases de datos electrónicas: Pub Med, biblioteca Cochrane e Hinari a través de la pregunta PICO. Resultados: 115 estudios fueron identificados a través de la búsqueda electrónica de estos solo 18 fueron elegibles según los criterios de  inclusión. Conclusión: Existe una amplia evidencia de las implicaciones sistémicas que se asocian a HMI, sin embargo, no son del todo concluyentes por lo que los resultados deben ser analizados con prudencia considerando futuras investigaciones. Entre ellos resaltan: complicaciones en el embarazo, fiebres altas, hipertensión arterial, diabetes gestacional, procesos infecciosos, uso frecuente de antibióticos y desnutrición, así como parto prematuro, bajo peso al nacer, las enfermedades respiratorias, fiebre y  otitis en los primeros años de vida del niño.

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Publicado

2022-01-13

Cómo citar

García, N., Aguirre Escobar, G. A. ., Torres Reyes, M. R. ., & Ramírez Martínez, G. A. . (2022). Alteraciones sistémicas asociadas a Hipomineralización Molar Incisivo (HMI). Una revisión de literatura. Revista De Odontopediatría Latinoamericana, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.47990/alop.v12i1.306

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Revisiones Narrativas